Se busca candidato/a para la convocatoria 2020 de contratos predoctorales FPU para realizar una tesis doctoral en el campo de la Agricultura Sostenible

Se busca graduado en Biología, Ciencias Ambientales o Agronomía con expediente igual o superior a 8,5 para la realización de una Tesis Doctoral en el ámbito del proyecto europeo Diverfarming: “Crop diversification and low-input farming across Europe: from practitioners’ engagement and ecosystems services to increased revenues and value chain organisation”, así como en diversos proyectos de investigación regionales y nacionales.

La propuesta de tesis pretende identificar soluciones sostenibles de manejo de suelo y agua adaptadas a las condiciones locales para optimizar la provisión de servicios ecosistémicos de los sistemas agrícolas de secano y regadío de ambientes semiáridos: i) de soporte, tales como la formación y regeneración del suelo; ii) de regulación, tales como el control de la erosión, el secuestro de carbono y la mejora de la capacidad de retención hídrica del suelo; y iii) de aprovisionamiento, como la producción de alimento. La hipótesis de partida es que incrementando el contenido de carbono orgánico en suelos agrícolas a través de prácticas de manejo sostenibles contribuiremos a mejorar su salud y su funcionalidad, y por tanto a recuperar algunos de los servicios esenciales que nos proporciona. A su vez, la mejora de la calidad física, química y biológica del suelo mediante la adopción de prácticas agrícolas sostenibles tales como la labranza reducida, el uso de cubiertas vegetales, la retención de residuos agrícolas y la diversificación de cultivos contribuirán a la lucha contra la degradación de la tierra y el cambio climático. Se pretende avanzar en el conocimiento de los mecanismos de estabilización del carbono orgánico del suelo bajo diferentes escenarios de manejo y condiciones locales.

La tesis se realizará en el Departamento de Conservación de Suelos y Agua del Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura (CEBAS-CSIC) en Murcia, bajo la supervisión de María Martínez-Mena y María Almagro, y el trabajo de campo se realizaría en varias fincas localizadas en Murcia y Granada.

Las bases de la convocatoria pueden consultarse en: https://www.ciencia.gob.es/portal/site/MICINN/menuitem.dbc68b34d11ccbd5d52ffeb801432ea0/?vgnextoid=0841531ede395710VgnVCM1000001d04140aRCRD

La selección de candidatos/as tiene lugar en dos fases. En una primera fase se evalúa el expediente académico del candidato/a, y, una vez superada la primera fase, se evalúan los contenidos de la propuesta científica y el CV del equipo receptor y director/a(s) de tesis. Los candidatos/as que buscamos deben cumplir los siguientes requisitos mínimos:

  • Grado o Máster en Biología, Ciencias Ambientales o disciplinas afines.
  • Fecha de finalización de estudios posterior al 1 de enero de 2017.
  • Nota media superior a 8,5 (grado).
  • Motivación por la carrera científica e interés en la Agricultura Sostenible y en la Ecología del Suelo.
  • Buen nivel de inglés (mínimo B2) y carnet de conducir (B).

Los/as interesados/as pueden enviar su CV a María Almagro (mbonmati@cebas.csic.es) y María Martínez-Mena (mmena@cebas.csic.es)

PhD position in plant ecology and ecophysiology in Mediterranean shrublands and forests

We are seeking a motivated PhD candidate to join a new research project to study plant functional traits related to water and nutrient use strategies (e.g. leaf gas exchange, leaf and stomatal morphology, leaf chemistry and the isotopic composition of leaves and stem and soil water) to be analyzed with climate and soil data collected in Mediterranean ecosystems. The main goal is to understand the diversity and distribution of plant water and nutrient use strategies in Mediterranean ecosystems and their implication for ecosystem functioning.

Click here for more information.

coastal kick-off meeting

COASTAL: Collaborative Land-Sea Integration Platform

The kick-off meeting of the COASTAL project, in which the our group is actively involved, took place at the beginning of this month in Brussels. COASTAL is a unique collaboration of 29 partners from 8 EU Member States, representing coastal and rural business entrepreneurs, administrations, and scientific experts. By combining local knowledge and scientific expertise in a co-creation process the COASTAL project will engage actors and stakeholders at all levels to improve coastal-rural interdependence and collaboration by identifying problems and setting up evidence-based business roadmaps and policy solutions, focusing on economic growth, marine spatial planning, and environmental protection, including inland water quality. Our group will lead the case study of the Mar Menor lagoon and its watershed with the help of FECOAM and the Regional Government of Murcia.

 

You can find more info here or at the COASTAL twitter account.

UNCCD COP13: decisions, new report and policy brief on SLM

Over the last 2 weeks (6-17 September), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) organized its Conference of the Parties (COP13) in Ordos (China). During this bi-annual meeting a series of decisions were taken emphasizing the importance of implementing Sustainable Land Management (SLM) practices to deal with problems related to desertification, land degradation and drought as well climate change mitigation and adaptation.

The decisions include recommendations towards the country representatives to:

  • Consider the use of locally adapted SLM practices to contribute to prevent, reduce and reverse land degradation, while also contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation objectives.
  • Overcome potential barriers for large scale implementation of SLM practices through:
    1. integration of SLM practices in land use planning,
    2. development of economic incentives form SLM implementation
    3. improving land tenure security,
    4. organizing capacity-building at all relevant levels of decision-making.
  • Institutionalize meaningful stakeholder engagement throughout the planning, implementation and monitoring phases of SLM strategies.

The COP decisions are based upon a new study and recommendations made by the Science-Policy Interface (SPI) of the UNCCD that can be downloaded here and here.

Dr. Joris de Vente, researcher at our group and member of the SPI, was one of the coordinating authors of the report that was developed in collaboration with ‘BC3 Basque Centre for Climate Change’, and of the related Science-Policy Brief (SLM for climate and people) that can be downloaded here.

MSc thesis KU Leuven students

Recently  two students of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KULeuven, Belgium) performed their MSc thesis research in the Upper Taibilla catchment in collaboration with researchers from our group.

Both students now successfully presented their MSc thesis with the following titles:

Wim Verhoeven: Hill slope dynamics in a first order Mediterranean river catchment: Comparing long-term vs short-term erosion rates.

Noël Ghammachi: Soil carbon dynamics in a Mediterranean catchment. Assessing the influence of erosion and deposition on carbon sequestration.

MSc supervisors were G. Govers (KULeuven), C. Boix-Fayos & J. de Vente (CEBAS-CSIC). They were further assisted by B. Campforts and M. Van de Broek (mentors KULeuven) and P. Cutillas (CEBAS-CSIC).

The students performed intensive fieldwork during the summer of 2015 that included soil and deep sediment sampling after which they applied a range of state-of-the-art techniques to determine the sediments age, erosion rates, soil organic carbon stability, and assess the long-term human impact on soil erosion and carbon sequestration.

Congratulations Wim and Noële!

Study visit from KU Leuven

Between the 7th and 14th of March Benjamin Campforts, a PhD student from KU Leuven (Belgium), visits our group to select a study site for assessment of the human impact on millennial changes in soil properties and their consequences for soil functioning using meteoric Be isotopes. His work forms part of the SOGLO project, funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office (Interuniversity Attraction Poles).